Tuckman’s Stages of Team Development by Laurence Lew

Any insights should be shared in a public forum so everyone in the company can learn. Disagreements are unavoidable on teams, especially when each person on the team has a different perspective on how to approach the issues the team encounters. When you all work in the same location, it can be easier to hash out problems quickly. On a remote team, you need to be more thoughtful about the tools and the processes that you use to identify and deal with disagreements.

tuckman stages of team dynamics

Moving from Storing to Norming likely means many problems or difficulties will have been surfaced and resolved. This doesn’t mean your team won’t see additional challenges or that there won’t be opportunities to improve. A large part of giving your team members room to grow is by allowing them to focus on where they can have the most impact and refining priorities to remove or minimize extraneous concerns. Circles of Influence is a great method to help your group reflect on what affects them and the team and see how they can meaningfully impact what concerns or influences them. The first version is for teams who want to get to know each other better.


In this exercise, you and your group proceed from reflecting on how you’ve managed conflicts in the past to develop a shared set of guidelines for managing conflict in your team. By including the team in this process, buy-in and follow through on these guidelines is improved while also giving space for effective reflection on previous conflicts. In this guide, we’ll not only explore the stages of team development but also explore how you can move your team through them productively with practical tips, activities, and exercises. The teamwork can significantly reduce workloads, increase job satisfaction and retention, improve patient satisfaction and reduce morbidity. Collaboration, conflict resolution, participation, and cohesion are most likely to influence staff satisfaction and perceived team effectiveness. It provides a clear framework for understanding the stages of team development, the challenges that teams face, and the strategies that can be used to overcome those challenges.

tuckman stages of team dynamics

Kumar S, Adhish VS, Deoki N. Making sense of theories of leadership for capacity building. However, having positive shared experiences will make it easier if you work with some of these people again. This is the stage where egos may start to show themselves and tempers may flare. The team may disagree on how to complete a particular task or voice any concerns. The storming stage is when the initial excitement and good grace has run out.

Use ChatGPT for Time Management

Create an agenda and establish a document to track ideas and comments during the meeting. Share a link to these meeting notes afterwards so that everyone has access and can review it later. Organize the agenda so that each team member has five to ten minutes to talk through their insights and ideas. Allow extra time to review the ideas the team shares and to answer questions. At the end of the project, set up an online meeting where team members come together to discuss the entire project, from the successes to the frustrations. Ask them to prepare examples beforehand outlining what worked and what didn’t, and then give each person five minutes to share their thoughts.

tuckman stages of team dynamics

Team members may begin to work on their tasks independently, not yet focused on their relationships with fellow team members. Building a well-functioning, cohesive team of people doesn’t happen overnight—it’s a process. In this section you will learn about the stages of team development and the factors that contribute to team success. Conflict can often arise if members of a team don’t feel as if their needs are being met by others on the team or the regular give and take of effective teamwork breaks down.

Principles of Management

More importantly, the team’s dynamic is still not set at this stage, so no team members are aware of the “unwritten rules” or the team’s overall culture. I use Bus Trip at the end of a training session or a meeting, and I use it all the time. The game creates a massive amount of energy with lots of smiles, what are the four stages of team development laughs, and sometimes even a teardrop or two. This is an activity that I use in almost every teambuilding session I run–because it delivers results every time. I can take no credit for its invention since it has existed from long before my time, in various forms and with a variety of names .

tuckman stages of team dynamics

Even when a team is performing at a high standard, there are often opportunities for individual action and proactivity that can help maintain growth and keep everyone in a group happy. Remember that a group is strengthened as its individual members do more of what matters to them and are engaged in creating the change they want to see. In this method, invite participants to write https://globalcloudteam.com/ a few words of what they most value about their colleagues on a piece of paper before passing it along to the next person. After going around the circle, invite each person to share which comment they liked the most. By sharing what everyone values about each other, you can build self-confidence and team bonds that can help the group move from Norming to Performing effectively.

Why is the Tuckman Model Useful?

Table 1 below summarizes the qualities and obstacles of effective team work. The Creating stages of Drexler A and Sibbet E correspond to Forming, Storming and Norming stages of Tuckman B Model and Sustaining stage corresponds to Performing and Adjourning stages. The proper transition through creating stages is important and has strong implications for team performance.

  • People get so lost in a specific task that they forget why they are doing it in the first place.
  • Team norms set a standard for behavior, attitude, and performance that all team members are expected to follow.
  • When you can identify which development phase your teams are in, it’s much easier to provide exactly the direction they need so they feel more focused and connected.
  • This rapidity of change continues to accelerate and both clinicians and patients need to integrate new technologies into management of wellness and illness.
  • This is the stage where egos may start to show themselves and tempers may flare.
  • An activity to support a group to get to know each other through a set of questions that they create themselves.

Each of these rhyming stages are aptly named and plays a significant role in building a highly functioning business team. Focus on building a shared understanding across your team and with stakeholders. Business owners, managers, and entrepreneurs are often viewed as team leaders. Understanding Tuckman’s development process can increase your chances of reaching project goal.

Stage 2: The Storming Stage

This is especially useful if you have some people that are working remotely. But, you can point out areas of improvement or strengths to the group as a whole, without pointing fingers. End each meeting with insightful and constructive feedback that improves the group process. Encouraging your team to share their ideas and opinions is the key to finding the “big ideas”. When conflicts are resolved, it can improve existing processes and bond members together.

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Once their efforts are under way, team members need clarity about their activities and goals, as well as explicit guidance about how they will work independently and collectively. This leads to a period known as storming—because it can involve brainstorming ideas and also because it usually causes disruption. During the storming stage members begin to share ideas about what to do and how to do it that compete for consideration. Team members start to open up and confront one another’s ideas and perspectives.

What are the 5 stages of team development?

Forming is the first stage of team development and is where a team first comes together, gets to know one another, and becomes oriented with the goals and purpose of the team. There is a theory that a team has to go through five stages of team development before it can fully reach its potential. After reading everything above, you have a pretty good idea where your team is at – but does the rest of the team agree? We all perceive things in our own unique way based on past experience and what we know now. Double down on building personal connections among teammates. When it’s time to celebrate meeting a milestone, consider indulging in a team dinner or day out doing something fun together.

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